Cancer is a normal part of being a large and complex multi-cellular organism. But that does not mean it’s inevitable. Evolutionary and ecological approaches to cancer point to many things we can do to lowering your Risk of Developing Cancer.
Prevention is better than a cure
Radiation therapy has become one of the leading methods of curing cancer, alongside surgery and chemotherapy. Although these treatment methods are great at curing cancer, prevention is still better.
So how do we lower the risk of developing a cancer?
There are many articles out there with advice on how to lower your risk of developing cancer. And most of them are informative and true. Some of the methods of lowering your risk include;
1. Get regular cancer screening tests
Getting regular cancer screening tests are a good way of catching cancer early. This is important as early cancers are small and easier to cure. Some cancer types can be completely prevented with screening, such as colon and cervical cancer.
There are many screening test available, including breast screening, cervical screening, colon screening, lung, and prostate. If you have concerns you should talk to your doctor.
Many studies show that you need a variety of different vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and fish/poultry to lower the risk of developing cancer. You should avoid processed meats and excess red meat- these have been linked to certain cancers.
3. Fit and healthy
Being a healthy weight and getting some exercise is a great way of lowering your chances of developing cancer, and it make you feel and look good. Being overweight or obese greatly increases the risk of many cancers. Breast, colon, kidney, and pancreatic cancers have a higher risk of developing if you don’t keep your weight in check
Although mention above, because it is so effective we will mention it again. Exercise is one of the best ways of lowering your cancer risk, as well as other diseases. Adults should get around 150 minutes of moderate exercise every week.
5. Avoid tobacco
This should be well known in the current era. Tobacco is said to be responsible for every 1 out of five deaths in america. If you don’t use tobacco products, don’t start. If you do, you should quit right now.
6. Limit alcohol
There is research to suggest that alcohol can increase your risk for certain types of cancers. These include breast, mouth, throat, liver, colon and rectal cancers. The more you drink the more you are at risk. A guideline is to only have 2 drinks a day for mean, and 1 for women.
7. Avoid too much sun exposure
Skin cancer is one of the most common kinds of cancers, and in most cases it should of been prevented. Avoid excess sun exposure, and use sun protection/
The simple way of lowering your risk of getting cancer
I want to share with you a different way at looking at lower the risk of cancer. First, you need to know a bit about how cancer form. Then you will understand how you can lower your risk.
The cells in your body are constantly diving to repair, replace, and replenish the functions of your organs. When a cell divides, it splits the DNA molecule into two so that each of the two new cells has half. From this half, the cell can create the other half to form a new DNA molecule.
When this division occurs, there is a very low chance that the DNA molecule gets damaged in the process. This is normally not a problem, the cell will end up just dieing and be removed through the normal routes.
When this does become a problem is if this damage causes a mutation. Not all mutations are bad, in fact we rely on mutations to evolve. But some mutations become cancerous.
The key point is, every time new cells are required there is a risk of a mutation occurring that can lead to cancer.
To lower your risk of developing cancer, you have to reduce the need for tissues to repair themselves.
Reducing the amount of repair needed reduces the number of cell divisions needed, and the risk of cancer. So let’s look back at the tips from above and apply what you have just learned.
Having an unhealthy diet with too much salts, sugars, and fats will make your body work harder to try and maintain its health. This puts excess strain on several organs in you system, which decrease the lifespan of cells. So your cells need to divide more to overcome this. Which increases your risk of cancer.
Tobacco kills cells as it is smoked, in you lungs, mouth, and esophagus. This requires the cells to reproduce to replace all the cells killers.
Limiting alcohol has the same effect on your liver. Your liver cells have to work hard to process the alcohol, and in the process their lifespan is reduced, so they need to be replaced through cell division.
Similar with sun exposure, when you get sun burnt, your skin will need to be healed through cells dividing.
Nearly all activities that increase your risk of developing cancer increases the need for cells to divide and repair some part of your body. So minimizing the activities that reduce cell death reduces your cancer risk.